InTramCities with Gordon Stewart


Frankfurt am Main, Germany : September 1979
May 28th, 1978 saw the introduction of major changes to the Frankfurt tram system. Not only were routes reorganised and two relatively short branches closed, the central area saw the first stage of the planned "car-free city", the ultimate aim of Frankfurt's ruling politicians, as the S-Bahn was extended under the city centre and tram tracks removed from Zeil.

Zeil, Frankfurt's main shopping street became a pedestrian precinct and tram services rerouted, or in the case of route 17, truncated to a stub terminus at Hauptwache. The link beteeen Hauptwache and Konstablerwache would later become the deep-level S-Bahn and parallel running U5, but for the time being the S-Bahn was extended only as far as Hauptwache from Hauptbahnhof via Taunusanlage.

Trams were diverted south to the so-called Altstadtstrecke at Theaterplatz, or in the case of route 12, which served the northeastern part of the city centre, north via Schillerstrasse, Stiftstrasse and Stephanstrasse. The two abandoned branch lines were from Waldschulstrasse to Griesheim Bahnhof in the western suburbs and from near Industriehof to Roedelheim Bahnhof, in the north-west, thus concentrating traffic from these areas on to the S-Bahn.

Another change to the network involved Stadtbahn Line A, on which four routes ran into Frankfurt from the north-western suburbs along Eschenheimer Landstrasse, with the final part of the line in tunnel. Routes A1 and A2 from Roemerstadt and Gonzenheim respectively, which had been operated by Stadtbahn cars of the U2 series and which had run to an underground terminus at Theaterplatz, were joined at Theaterplatz by the routes from Hohemark and Bonames (A3 and A4), which had previously been operated by specially converted tramcars and which had run out of the tunnels on to Taunusanlage, running as traditional tram routes to Hauptbahnhof. A3 and A4 became operated by U-2 cars and the routes themselves were recast as U1, U2 and U3. Short workings to Bonames on the Gonzenheim line ceased. Line U1, at its northern end, was extended further, but in a loop back in the direction of the city centre, to Ginnheim, where an interchange was built with the tram network (with routes 17 and 19 now assigned to Ginnheim).

Tram routes, numbers and frequencies were recast to adapt to the new network and this was to become the first of a number of major changes representing retrenchment in the surface tram network as the undergound Stadtbahn system expanded further.

Photo 1 shows the stub terminus of route 17 at Hauptwache, 2 the diversionary route via Schillerstrasse and 4 the new interchange at Ginnheim.

Tracks at Hauptwache and Schillerstrasse were to remain only until the next major set of changes, as a result of which, the major casualty in the tram network was the link from Goetheplatz to Bockenheimer Warte along Bockenheimer Landstrasse and south from Goetheplatz via Theaterplatz and the Untermainbruecke to Schweizer-/Gartenstrasse. These routes fell victim to the opening of underground line U5 under Bockenheimer Landstrasse and the estension of the former A Line southwards under the river to Suedbahnhof in September 1984.

Film No No Location View Dir Tram Notes
790021 1 Hauptwache


Trams at terminus - view towards Zeil, recently pedestrianised (3/9)
790021 2 Schillerstrasse

643 Trams re-routed around the north of Zeil after the latter's closure (3/9)
790021 3 Goetheplatz

699 (3/9)
790021 4 Ginnheim Out In 742
790021 5 Bockenheimer Warte In In 697
790021 6 Festhalle / Messegelaende Out
691 Tram at terminus
790021 7 Hauptbahnhof


Surface level tramway (2/9)
790021 8 Hauptbahnhof


Underground line U5 (formerly B1) (2/9)
790021 9 Hauptbahnhof


Deep level S-Bahn platforms and ET420 S-Bahn multiple-unit (2/9)
790021 10 Theaterplatz In Out 702 P8 type tram seen en route to the Untermainbruecke (2/9)
790021 11 Theaterplatz In Out
View from Muenchener Strasse on the Altstadtstrecke (2/9)
790021 12 Theaterplatz


Underground Line U1/2/3, formerly the A Line (2/9)
790021 13 Stresemannallee/Gartenstr. In In
Tram on route 19 to Ginnheim (9/9)
790021 14 Stresemannallee/Gartenstr. Out

Cream livery tram turning into Gartenstrasse (9/9)
790021 15 Heinrich-Hoffman-Strasse In Out 737 Tram en route to Schwanheim (9/9)
790021 16 Neu Isenburg Out

Tram at terminus (3/9)
790021 17 Neu Isenburg In In
Neu Isenburg is reached by reserved alignment through the woods (3/9)
790021 18 Louisa Out Out
(3/9)
790021 19 Fritz-Tarnow-Strasse Out Out
Line U1/2/3 on reserved track in Eschenheimer Landstrasse


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Film No No Location View Dir Tram
790021 1 Hauptwache


790021 2 Schillerstrasse

643
790021 3 Goetheplatz

699
790021 4 Ginnheim Out In 742
790021 5 Bockenheimer Warte In In 697
790021 6 Festhalle / Messegelaende Out
691
790021 7 Hauptbahnhof


790021 8 Hauptbahnhof


790021 9 Hauptbahnhof


790021 10 Theaterplatz In Out 702
790021 11 Theaterplatz In Out
790021 12 Theaterplatz


790021 13 Stresemannallee/Gartenstr. In In
790021 14 Stresemannallee/Gartenstr. Out

790021 15 Heinrich-Hoffman-Strasse In Out 737
790021 16 Neu Isenburg Out

790021 17 Neu Isenburg In In
790021 18 Louisa Out Out
790021 19 Fritz-Tarnow-Strasse Out Out


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